Global warming is an alarming issue now. All the people around the world have come forward to mitigate this climatic problem. United Nations has initiated Sustainable Development Goal 13: Climate Action to take action to combat climate change. This goal has been established in 2015 and it has the targets to be achieved by 2030. Liter of Light Bangladesh is also working hard to achieve SDG 13 in Bangladesh.
Each and every country of the world is now facing the drastic effects of climate change. The emission of greenhouse gas is the main reason behind global warming as well as climate change. CO2, water vapor, NOx, SOx, and other CFCs are considered greenhouse gases. These gases are mainly coming from the consumption of fossil fuels like kerosene, petrol, octane, natural gases, and so on. The increasing population is a factor behind the increase in the consumption rate of fossil fuels.
The population of the earth is increasing day by day. The basic need of the people is also increasing as a result industry, factories, vehicles all are increasing in a large number which are burning fossil fuels a lot. People also need electricity for which they burn coal, kerosene, etc. which is also the reason for the emission of greenhouse gases. As a result, greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase and the rate is now more than 50 percent higher than their 1990 level. Furthermore, global warming is causing long-lasting changes to our climate system, which threatens irreversible consequences if we do not take action now.
In Bangladesh, the maximum number of people live in rural areas. Most of the rural areas are electricity less. So people of those areas use kerosene lamps to light up their house which is harmful as well as costly. So to improve our life from these toxic gases, to mitigate the climate change problem, we need to focus on renewable, environmentally friendly energies. For example, solar power is an ideal example of renewable and environmentally friendly energy.
Liter of light Bangladesh come up with a project called ‘Project Lightgiver’. They are providing solar bottle lamps using a used plastic bottle, PVC pipe, battery, solar panel & circuit. They fill a bottle with water & chlorine and fix a tin sheet. Then after making a hole in the roof, they install the bottle. This bottle is giving light which is ensuring a safe environment for kids as they generally use a kerosene lamp for the light which is toxic. The volunteers make the lights and go for a tour for light to lit up a whole community like a refugee camp, slum, coastal area, hill tract area, island, etc. They lit up at least one locality free-of-cost every month.
They also initiated the Solarpreneur project where they train underprivileged youth how to make solar lights so that they can make lights and sell them to earn a livelihood. In the SolarEngineer project, they train underprivileged youth and produce solar lamps, and streetlights by them to provide it to International NGOs and UN organizations. They established another project called, Rohingya Response Projects where they run all the above projects for serving Rohingya refugees and host communities in partnership with International NGOs and UN organizations. Rohingya & host community people get training for self-reliance and then they make solar lamps & streetlights to sell them in camp.
Liter of Light Bangladesh was shortlisted for the Young Leaders for SDGs award by United Nations. They won the Youth Co:Lab Startup Award by UNDP & Citi Foundation. They are working hard to achieve the SDGs in Bangladesh successfully. We also should come forward to help them by volunteering or by others to live in a healthy environment.
I’m a student of Environmental Science Discipline, Khulna University.